Home > Types Of Ticket > Notice of Intended Prosecution

Notice of Intended Prosecution

By: Garry Crystal - Updated: 24 Aug 2021 | comments*Discuss
Notice Of Intended Prosecution Nip

A Notice of Intended Prosecution (NIP) is a warning notification that the driver may be facing prosecution for an offence he or she may have committed. Receiving an NIP does not automatically mean that prosecution proceedings will commence, and there is a process that must be followed.

Receiving a Notice of Intended Prosecution

There are certain driving offences that will see the driver receiving a Notice of Intended Prosecution (NIP). Driving offences such as speeding, dangerous driving and failure to comply with traffic signals are all common offences that can be met with an NIP. A full list of driving offences can be found in Section 1 of the Road Traffic Act. If the police have stopped and cautioned a driver due to one of these driving offences then a warning NIP may be sent to the driver.

The Notice of Intended Prosecution 14 Day Rule

One of the main rules of an NIP is that it must be served to either the driver or the register keeper of the vehicle within 14 days of the alleged offence. The police do not have to prove that the NIP has reached the driver within this time; simply that it was sent in enough time to have reached the driver. An NIP can also be given verbally to the driver at the time of the alleged offence. A court summons is another alternative and this must still be received within 14 days of the alleged offence.

Change of Address and Notice of Intended Prosecution

It may be the case that the registered keeper of the vehicle has changed address. The police only need to ensure that the NIP is sent to the last known address of the offender for the NIP to be valid. In many cases the vehicle may be a leased car and the driver will not be aware of the offence; for instance caught speeding on camera. Again, if the NIP was sent to be delivered to the registered owner’s last known address the NIP will be valid.

Rejecting a Notice of Intended Prosecution

A driver can reject an NIP if they are the registered driver and the NIP was received outside of the 14 day time limit. The rejection can apply as long as the date on the NIP is more than 14 days after the alleged offence took place. The defendant can then take the NIP back to the issuing office and reject due to an expired time limit. The rejection will not apply however if the NIP was sent to the registered keeper within 14 days and then passed on to the alleged offender after this time.

Signing a Notice of Intended Prosecution

Once the Notice of Intended Prosecution has been received by the registered vehicle keeper the driver must be identified. This must be undertaken within 28 days and failure to do so is an offence. This could lead to six penalty points being applied to a licence and a fine of up to £1000. The NIP must be signed and failure to do so could also be an offence; the police can allege that the registered keeper failed to provide lawfully required information.

Exception to a Notice of Intended Prosecution

A few exceptions will apply whereby the police do not have to supply an NIP. These will include:

  • If at the time the defendant was knowingly involved in an accident
  • A provisional fixed penalty notice has been given or fixed
  • The police could not with due diligence ascertain the name and address of the defendant within the 14 day time limit
  • It may be the case that the NIP was received later than 14 days but this may still be valid under certain circumstances
The police do have six months in which to prosecute a road traffic offence. Even if the alleged offender did not receive the NIP from the registered keeper for many months after the offence the charge will still be valid. As long as the NIP was sent to the last known address of the registered keeper of the vehicle the NIP will still be valid. If a person has been issued with an NIP it will be in their best interests to seek legal representation depending on the nature of the offence.

You might also like...
Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice..
[Add a Comment]
I received an NIP for doing 36 in a 30. On the NIP it states it was between 2 junctions. There is another junction between these two. Can I dispute this on a technicality or am I bang to rights and should return the NIP accepting blame?
Nicotene - 24-Aug-21 @ 8:04 PM
Hi was stopped by police for allegedly jumping a red light the officer read my rights and put me to sign something while in the back of the car I refused to sign it he said I'll receive something in the mailbox within next couple of weeks is been over a month now still haven't received nothing What do I do I'm reading all sorts of staff like £1000 and 6 points if I don't reply within 28 days from receiving the letter in the post What if the officer has put the wrong address deliberately so I don't receive it to be a bigger penalty (ps I've handed my licence with my address on it ) Anyone knows what should I do ? Or who to contact ? Thank you and much appreciated
Florinboy - 21-Aug-21 @ 2:50 PM
Hi, I did a speed awareness course a few months ago (August) and I believe I got flashed today by a red light camera, even though I crossed the white line on amber. Will I be eligible to do the red light awareness course even though I just did the speed awareness course?
Jill - 7-Jan-21 @ 10:05 PM
Hi can anyone help me pleaseI was in traffic at blackwall tunnel so I went down the outside Lane and went near thefront of queue I was stoppedwithmy indicater on and a car slowed down andflashed me and let me in as I was coming out of blackwall tunnela police car came speeding up behind me with he's blue lights flashing and stopped me he said I nearly caused an accident the driver who let me in Hate to slam on he's brakes whitcheck never happened. would i be able to fight this
Wallis - 25-Nov-20 @ 8:38 PM
Hi,I was stopped by the police for driving down a road which wasn't for public transport but had a diversion on it & he also said I was driving without due care & attention when I changed lanes(I thought I was because I was checking my mirrors) but the officer didn't tell me wether I was facing any further punishment or not,will I be notified by post about it?
The Horse - 24-Oct-20 @ 10:15 PM
Their is no secondary leagal requirement on yhe road i pass by a gastso speed camera if no road line marking there is camera still catch you?
Satti - 20-Oct-20 @ 10:51 PM
Hiya, over a year ago I received a NIP for driving without due care and attention, I still don’t know why I received this and still now haven’t heard anything since, Do you think it’s all been dealt with or how long do the police have to deal with this offence as such!?
Gemsy - 13-Oct-20 @ 11:00 AM
My company was sent a nip, we found who was driving a company vehicle and sent the details incorrectly filing the form out, The police have stated in the court paperwork a incorrectly filled out form naming the driver was received, They sent out a reminder, as the company sent the later back recorded delivery the day before did not take any further action, The form was filled out during the covid lock down and no permanent office staff were there to deal with it. now the company is required to go court as we did not name the driver.
Phil - 7-Oct-20 @ 7:28 AM
I recevied a NIP. Returned within 28 days. This is now over 28 days ago from me posting back. I've heard nothing? How do I find out if they have received it and should I be worried if I haven't had it back ?
cew - 29-Sep-20 @ 10:24 PM
I've sent of my nip form saying I was the driver but have not heard anything back. Week and half now. I don't have any ref number. How long till I get reply from original nip form I sent
Andy - 15-Sep-20 @ 10:03 PM
What do police gave to do to issue you a NIP. He didn’t say a caution or give me power work. Am I getting off with a big telling off?
Munnsie - 22-Jan-20 @ 6:25 AM
hi received a NIP on 22/11/19 for doing 60 mph on a 50 mph limitgave me the option of attending a drivers awareness course , which i filled in and sent . i then received another NIP on 25/11/19 for doing 69 mph on a 50 mph limit for the same day but the time was an hour later , for this offence there is 2 options fixed penalty or attend court. as I've already sent for the the first offence (drivers awareness course) what do i do for the 2 offence.
barmipal - 28-Nov-19 @ 3:28 PM
I've received two Notice of Intended Prosecution forms with identical reference numbers and offence details. One of the forms is correctly addressed to me, while the other form is addressed to a different name (correct forename but a completely different surname). Are there any legal implications to this apparent police admin error?
Danno - 22-Sep-19 @ 11:46 PM
I recieved an NIP today that states i was doing 59 but says "the speed limit at the time was mph" no mention of what it was. Is this acceptable ?
Adyd321 - 1-Jun-19 @ 11:15 AM
Hi, I was in the local Sainsbury's carpark doing groceries. After I finished, I hopped back into the car and drove away. I got home and realised that there was damage to the rear passenger side door. Now I didn't see anyone hit me, nor do I remember hitting anything on my way out. The next day I lodged an official police report with the MET Police explaining where the accident was and the fact that I only noticed the damage when I got home. The following day I made enquiries into Sainsbury's and left my contact details in the hopes that a witness or third party can provide further information.I have also called my insurance company and told them of the incident and about the police report. Now what happens? I am assuming that the police can still serve me with NIP? What else should I do?
CuriousMB - 13-May-19 @ 4:24 PM
Hi I received prosecution notice for driving 58 mph at 50zone 5 weeks before on A13near gale street junction , just wondering if I can ask for photographic evidence and secondly do they picture on these average speed camera
Jim - 30-Apr-19 @ 9:53 PM
Hi iv recieved a speeding fine saying exceed in a 60 zone but doesn’t state a speed I was going has anyone else had this ?
Tosh - 27-Apr-19 @ 8:29 AM
I received a TOR but 5 weeks later still haven't received NIP or awareness course details
Nanny m - 29-Mar-19 @ 2:38 PM
Received an NIP on 01/07/18 for doing 80 in a 50. Disputable but nonetheless... didn’t hear anything until 16/01/19 when I received a letter in the post stating I have been convicted and need to attend court to assist with the decision of whether I will be banned. After speaking to the court, they stated it was filed at court on 14/01/19. I thought police have 6 months to convict? Any advice? Thanks
Nicedriver86 - 16-Jan-19 @ 12:41 PM
Any advice would be helpful. Got done doing 58 in 40 zone, letter came through the post it got sent back by the registered driver (my mum) since then 2 x letters asking for my details have come through but as I no longer live there and not on the best of terms with my folks I haven't received them and the next thing a nip has come through 6 months later saying I will get 6 points and £1000 fine, is there anything I can do or say to lessen the penalty??? Thanks
AlphaB - 10-Dec-18 @ 6:10 PM
we have received a request from the Police to provide your contact details as a result of the above offence. The Police we be in touch with you directly in due course excdded Speed limits a217 reigatejunction Offence: Exceeding speed limit Date & time: 08-11-2018 - 10:25 am Location: A217 Reigate Hill, junction Raglan Road Reigate
Cláudio alves - 8-Dec-18 @ 1:02 PM
An trying to view the evidence of the offence and have been unable to do so
Sue - 8-Dec-18 @ 12:53 PM
Hi I just received 9/11/2018 a NIP notice for exceeding speed limit 30mph-36mph but the letter states that the alleged offence happened on 10/09/2018 . It is more than 9 weekplease advise as I can’t remember who exactly was driving me or my husband as it’s while ago. Does 14 days reply rule apply sin my case? Thanks
Amy32 - 10-Nov-18 @ 10:06 AM
My daughter was stopped and tested for Drink Driving in June 2018, tests came back positive, but until now 22-10-2018 she has not heard anything about an impending prosecution. Is there a time limit as when they must notify her of prosecution.
Steven Hemingway - 24-Oct-18 @ 12:50 PM
11.10.18 received NIP 10.10.10 date of letter 29.08.18 date of alleged offence (46 in a 40) what should I do.. Do Police have longer time to find me as company car? Letter has come direct to me but they may have had to take time to find me.? Do i still have to respond with driver details./ Thanks
Stevo - 11-Oct-18 @ 5:01 PM
I have been receiving NIP letters for speedingona vehicleregistrationnumber being cloned by crooks ...and despite telling Police and sending recorded letters back.. Police keeps on sending threatening and "Final Notice" letterof prosecution... How do I stopthis pestering by Police and solve the problem with the registration numberclone/ copy used by culprits/others and being accused of the offences?
Gil - 11-Oct-18 @ 9:04 AM
Hello, I have not received an NIP at present, however I was involved in an RTA whereby third party drove recklessly and brake checked me and I hit their vehicle, however no damage to both vehicles due to driving 2-5mph. I exchanged details with third party, however she called the police. Police attended scene and took our details. She was 6 months pregnant, therefore taken to hospital. Received a letter in the post from Met Traffic & Prosecution Unit investigating the matter. I am terrified I will go to court. Please advise!
Jay - 10-Oct-18 @ 11:28 PM
Just been delivered a NIP for my number plate. Says taken by a mobile speed camera, no picture send. Got 14 days to reply. What fine if any?
Macca - 6-Oct-18 @ 1:54 PM
I’ve received a speed ticket for doing 61 mph in a 50 mph in a temporary speed restriction zone due to road works. The letter says it’s a mobile unit, which I never saw. But now there are warning signs been put up telling drivers it’s a police speed check zone. Have I got any redress in saying the signs weren’t up when I was caught . Plus I’ve now travelled this route every day since , and cars and over vehicle are flying pass me whilst I stick to the speed limit.
Al - 27-Sep-18 @ 6:57 PM
Hi, I recently got a NIP doing 37mph on a 30. This is my first. The concern is that I have to provide a licence number to be considered for a course, but I'm driving with a foreign licence at the moment since I moved to the UK in January, 2018. I used to have a provisional license when I came to UK for my Masters in 2015, but left the country after my course same year until now, and never used it for anything. So what is my situation like? Do I just submit copies of my foreign licence with the NIP to be considered for a course?
Cebosty - 27-Sep-18 @ 1:13 PM
Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice...
(never shown)
(never shown)
(never shown)
(never shown)
Enter word:
Latest Comments