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Breakdown: How Penalty Points are Issued

By: Tracy Wilkinson - Updated: 13 Apr 2018 | comments*Discuss
 
Penalty Points Points Licence Driving

Penalty points are imposed on motorists who have been found guilty of committing a traffic offence. There are many different types of offence for which points can be issued, and they range on a scale from one point to eleven, and are broken down into 15 categories.

Each of the 15 categories has within it, unique endorsement codes which relate to the particular offence committed. These range from accidents, careless driving, Drink or Drug Related Offences and speeding.

Accidents

Unfortunately, Accidents are a common occurrence on the road and if you are found guilty of any of the following offences, then you can receive between 4-10 points - depending on the severity of the misdemeanour.

For either of the following offences you can be awarded 5-10 points:

  • Failing to stop after an accident (AC10)
  • Failing to give particulars or report an accident within 24 hours (AC20)

All other offences in this section could see your licence endorsed with 4-9 points and will be recorded as:

  • Undefined accident offences (AC30)

Careless Driving

Careless driving is something we hear a lot of in the news these days and if you find yourself prosecuted for such an offence then you can expect to be issued with anything from three to eleven points.

The following offences carry 3-9 points:

  • Driving without due care and attention (CD10)
  • Driving without reasonable consideration for other road users (CD20)
  • Driving without due care and attention or without reasonable consideration for other road users (CD30)

The following would see you get 3-11 points:

  • Causing death through careless driving when unfit through drink (CD40)
  • Causing death by careless driving when unfit through drugs (CD50)
  • Causing death by careless driving with alcohol level above the limit (CD60)
  • Causing death by careless driving then failing to supply a specimen for analysis (CD70)

Driving an Un-roadworthy Vehicle

Driving an un-road worthy vehicle is not just dangerous for you and other drivers but you could find yourself disqualified from driving with a number of these endorsements added together:

The following offence codes all carry each 3 points.

  • Using a vehicle with defective brakes (CU10)
  • Causing or likely to cause danger by reason of use of unsuitable vehicle or using a vehicle with parts or accessories (excluding brakes, steering or tyres) in a dangerous condition (CU20)
  • Using a vehicle with defective tyre(s)(CU30)*
  • Using a vehicle with defective steering (CU40)
  • Causing or likely to cause danger by reason of load or passengers (CU50)

* In the case of tyres you could receive that penalty for each tyre, so 4 defective tyres could see you with 12 points and an automatic ban.

Drink or Drug-driving

Driving whilst under the influence of either drugs or alcohol is dangerous and carries hefty penalties. 

Being caught doing any of the following could see you receive between 3-11 points:
  • Driving or attempting to drive with alcohol level above the limit (DR10)
  • Driving while unfit through drink (DR20)
  • Driving then failing to supply a specimen for analysis (DR30)
  • Driving or attempting to drive when unfit through drugs (DR80)

Wheras these carry a penalty of 10 points:

  • In charge of a vehicle while alcohol level above limit (DR40)
  • In charge of a vehicle while unfit through drink (DR50)
  • In charge of a vehicle when unfit through drugs (DR90)
  • Failure to provide a specimen for analysis in circumstances other than driving or attempting to drive (DR60)  

Speeding is the most common endorsement found on most driving licences and in this category the offences carry between 3-6 points:

  • Exceeding goods vehicle speed limits (SP10)
  • Exceeding speed limit for type of vehicle (excluding goods or passenger vehicle) (SP20)
  • Exceeding statutory speed limit on a public road (SP30)
  • Exceeding speeding limit on a motorway (SP50)

If you only have a Provisional Licence, the penalties and endorsements will affect your full licence in a different way.

There are too many endorsement codes to cover in full within this article, but the complete list along with details can be found via the DVLA and directgov website which is located at : www.direct.gov.uk.

* codes and penalty information from direct.gov.uk

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[Add a Comment]
If i drive with out buisness insurancebut i have insurance for my car but no allowed for delivery if idid delvery and police catch me how much penality point and fine is that?
Oki - 13-Apr-18 @ 11:33 PM
I recently received a letter from DVLA stating that I have been disqualified for 6 months as I was convicted of a driving offence on the date shown on the letter. I checked my licence details on the government website which showed I was convicted of "totting up" ( code TT99 ) on 9th Feb 2018. I was not aware of being charged with any offence and I had not received a Notice of Intended Prosecution. I wrote to the court asking them to tell me which offence (s) I was charged with and respectivepenalty. The court has ( NOT SURPRISINGLYin my opinion ) not replied. What can I do now ?
Kam - 27-Feb-18 @ 6:47 PM
Hi Ive got a letter saying i was driving a 49 in a 30 road, do you know how much will be? and how many points?? Thanks
Vero_ - 20-May-17 @ 1:14 PM
Sorry guys I got 10 points and was band for 6 month for not fit to drive offence ,am I able to apply for taxi license ?
Raz.gtr - 11-Feb-17 @ 9:49 PM
I have just been caught speeding in a company ca doing arroud 40 ish in a 30 zone (haven't received lettter yet so unsure). I am only 18 so haven't been driving more than 2 years. What would the consequences be? Thank you in advance
JackieR - 29-Dec-16 @ 5:42 PM
Got a CD10 last year (Fell asleep). Took the course - No points, no record on license. Do I have to declare to insurer?
Richard James - 1-Sep-16 @ 4:06 PM
I have just had a letter through to say ive been speeding doing 68 in a 50 what will the outcome of this be? Iam 21 years old with a clean license and have been driving nearly 2 years
Mr D C Clayton - 9-Jun-16 @ 10:10 PM
I was doing 47 in a 30 zone I have been driving just over 1 year what will the outcome be
Ryan - 23-Mar-16 @ 1:55 PM
I got a question about change my name on driver's license. I have pass on driver's test in octuber 2014, last year I have change my name so I sent my licence to change it. When I get my licence back it came with new valid from 2015 so wether it now counts from 2014 or 2015? Can you please clarifier it for me.
Marcio Gospodarczyk - 2-Mar-16 @ 3:22 PM
My partner received a NIP 2 days before the six month period had elapse for an alledged speeding offence. The original offence 41 in a 30 zone. This was the first time we had heard of the alleged offence. The police say they had previously sent out a letter asking who was driving the vehicle 2 days after the alledged offence another reminder 2 weeks after and then a summons NIP 2 days before the six months had elapsed. My partner was adamant that he did not receive previous two notices as they state and this court summons was the first he had heard of the prosecution. He wasnt driving. I was and I remember the day well and I was sure I was not speeding. But how can we prove that I wasnt speeding. But he was prosecuted for not declaring who was driving had 6 points on his license, the speeding was not mentioned at all. and fined £846 plus solicitors costs plus court costs. Is this justice. The onus is on him to prove he did not receive the first or the second letter asking him who was driving. I AM ADAMENT IT IS ANOTHER MONEY MAKING SCAM aimed at motorists. Has anyone else especially in the south wales area, especially Mertyhr experienced this kind of "Justice" ? I am eager to hear from you. neither of us have any points on our license and there was no reason what so ever to ignore the letters had they been sent in the first place.
Treza - 19-Jan-16 @ 5:35 PM
My Husband previously attended a driver awareness course in England (over 3 years ago) and was then 'awarded' 3 points recently in Scotland last year.He have just received notification that he has been caught on camera doing 35 in a 30 zone.Will he still have the option of another awareness course?
Superwife - 17-Jan-16 @ 7:31 PM
I already have 6 points from 2013 for speeding and entering a one way the wrong I have had a NIP for an alleged offence of travelling 85 in a 70 dual carriageway thanks to North yorkshire police. caught by a van parked in the hard shoulder. This was fair enough and I was a about to complete the 172 notice and send off for my 3 further points.date of office 08/10/15 nip date 0910/15 However today I have received another notice from the samenorth yorks for an alleged offence of doing 79 in a 70 dual carraigeway on the 24.09.15. Date of NIP is 29.10.15. I beliieve that the delay is due to me driving an hire car at the time and of this alleged offence and the original nip went to the hire company first.again caught by a van in the hard shoulder of the dual carriageway Obviously if I knew at the time that I was gonna be caught then I would have almost certainly not been caught on the 09/10/15 as I would have bee driving more cautiosly. Now it looks llike I could be facing a ban is it worth writing to north yorks police to plead my case to them? Or should i complete both forms and wait for a court summons?
ap - 30-Oct-15 @ 7:17 PM
I sold a car back on 15th February 2015 then about a month ago I received a letter from the central ticket office saying I'd been caught speeding on the 20th February 2015 and I had to give my licence details. I sent it back telling them it wasn't me and I'd sold it back on the 15th but I don't know the drivers details because it's been a considerable amount of time ago, because the car was insured through my dads motor trade insurance he then got the same letter, if obviously wasn't him he'd never drove the car so I told him to put that he had never owned the car and that the only person he knew of that had the car was me and put my details. I thought would be the end of it but no, they then sent me another letter exactly the same, obviously by this time I'm getting a bit annoyed as they're running out of options. So I put back on the letter "I don't know who the driver was I sold it on 15th February 2015, contact DVLA they hold drivers records" I also put that it was the second letter I had received and not to send me another. Where do I stand with this as the last letter I sent them was 10 days ago and I have not heard anything back.
Steve28 - 27-Oct-15 @ 9:50 AM
I have been caught speeding doing 67 in a 40 .. I have called to court I am only 20 what is the out come I am looking at got a clean licence so far .. Really scared as I have just got a new job and I need my car ? Thank you squibs
Squibs - 26-Oct-15 @ 8:56 PM
rb - Your Question:
I have received and returned a NIP doing 46 in 30 zone. Driving over 20 years with clean license, p,s can you please can you advise what the outcome will be?

Our Response:
46mph in a 30 zone will almost certainly attract a court summons. The judge may take your driving record into account when issuing a penalty.
NoPenaltyPoints - 8-Oct-15 @ 12:26 PM
i have received and returned a NIP doing 46 in 30 zone. Driving over 20 years with clean license, p,s can you please can you advise what the outcome will be?
rb - 8-Oct-15 @ 9:36 AM
Wilf - Your Question:
I was sent an NIP stating I was doing 46mph in a 40 zone and I have 10 points on my licence from when I past my test first time which ended in my licence being revoked (judge wasn't aware I was still in my first 2 yrs probation as she was letting me keep my licence for work but a week or so later the DVLA wrote saying it was being revoked) any ideas what may happen?is there a chance I might get the speed awareness course?

Our Response:
If you have 10 points on your licence already it's very unlikely that you will be offered a speed awareness course.
NoPenaltyPoints - 7-Oct-15 @ 10:18 AM
I was sent an NIP stating i was doing 46mph in a 40 zone and I have 10 points on my licence from when I past my test first time which ended in my licence being revoked (judge wasn't aware I was still in my first 2 yrs probation as she was letting me keep my licence for work but a week or so later the DVLA wrote saying it was being revoked) any ideas what may happen? is there a chance I might get the speed awareness course?
Wilf - 6-Oct-15 @ 12:00 PM
Foxy123 - Your Question:
Got caught doing 99 in a 70. Have received a summons. I already have 3 points. My preference would be a short ban vs 6 points. Should I say this in my mitigation statement?! How could it be phrased? Thanks!

Our Response:
That's something you'd be better to ask a professional motoring lawyer who is used to appearing in court in relation to cases like yours.
NoPenaltyPoints - 26-Aug-15 @ 10:51 AM
Got caught doing 99 in a 70. Have received a summons. I already have 3 points. My preference would be a short ban vs 6 points. Should I say this in my mitigation statement?! How could it be phrased? Thanks!
Foxy123 - 23-Aug-15 @ 7:58 PM
@Big Gaz. You're going to find it extremely difficult to avoid a ban. You could try arguing this in court if you feel you have reason to believe you weren't speeding or have some kind of mitigating circumstances. You will probably need the services of a good motoring lawyer.
NoPenaltyPoints - 13-Jul-15 @ 11:29 AM
I have 9 points (3 speeding, 3 Red light and 3 Parking on Chevrons). I think i may have been speeding past a mobile van. The road was a 30mph and i think i was doing 38 - 40mph. If i was caught i will be issued 3 points and a fine which would take me over the totting up limit of 12points. I have 3 points to come off in January ( approx 6 months).What would be the best course of action to avoid a ban?
Big Gaz - 7-Jul-15 @ 3:21 PM
What is the fine now for driving alone with code10 learner licence. Driving without a co-driver
clibo - 25-Jun-15 @ 4:24 PM
@Coxey1. It's more likely that you will get a court summons at that speed.
NoPenaltyPoints - 22-Jun-15 @ 10:35 AM
I got cough doing 75 in a 50 wot will happen will I get three point and 100 pound fine
coxey1 - 16-Jun-15 @ 6:49 PM
@Diane. You should really just wait and see whether any action is taken over this. If it does it should be within 14 days of the event. Bear in mind if you had actually stopped on a yellow box junction you will be penalised for that as you should have waited it to clear before entering.
NoPenaltyPoints - 12-May-15 @ 10:32 AM
I was waiting to turn right and the lights turned to red, as I was in the arrow for turning right and could't reverse as people were crossing behind me I turned right , there was a carnival about to start and no other traffic was coming in any direction but if it did I was centred in the middle of the road, I'm worried about receiving a penalty ?
diane - 5-May-15 @ 5:49 PM
@Baz. You need to discuss this with the DVLA if your licence shows an alternative penalty to that which you were expecting it may be an error or it may that you have misconstrued the original information given to you.
NoPenaltyPoints - 6-Jan-15 @ 10:44 AM
I was stopped with no insurance on my emoyers Car. I have only been driving for 21 months I emailed sussex police an appeal letter stating That I thought I was insured. My boss paid £300 fine and sent my licence Off. Got my licence back with 3 points instead of 6 But dvla think I got 6 points and want to revoke My licence under new driver law But I only got 3 points Please help
Baz - 31-Dec-14 @ 7:23 PM
Am on my nervous,because am just pass my full driving licence but unfortunately i pass the red light without knowing as result I was cut off by traffic light camera,now I have been send to court or plead guilty. Can anyone helped me with advice please, am scared that I will lose my licence. Thank you
Jean - 11-Jul-14 @ 2:47 PM
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