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Fixed Penalty Notice

By: Tracy Wilkinson - Updated: 25 Mar 2021 | comments*Discuss
Fixed Penalty Notice Fpn Endorseable

Originally introduced in the UK during the 1950s to act as a deterrent for minor parking infringements early Fixed Penalty Notices (FPNs) were issued by traffic wardens and police officers. Although the issuing body has changed in many cases to local authorities, FPNs are still in use today under provisions outlined by the Road Traffic Act 1991.

There are three different types of Fixed Penalty Notice:

  • Endorseable
  • Non-endorseable
  • Conditional offer


An endorseable fixed penalty notice is one that sees the motorist involved getting Penalty Points. The FPN will be issued by a police officer directly to the offending driver at the time that the offence takes place. The driver will be expected to give up their driving licence so that it can be endorsed with the penalty points - this can be done at the roadside or at a police station nominated by the motorist, within 7 days of the date of the offence. The driver will also have to pay a £100 fine. Although offences in this category include crossing roads marked with double white lines and 'jumping' red traffic lights, the most common offence is speeding.


This is a ticket that won’t leave points on your licence – usually reserved for minor traffic offences such as parking somewhere you shouldn’t. They will usually carry a fine of around £30.

Conditional Offer

Conditional Offers are related to offences picked up and recorded by traffic cameras, usually speeding. Depending on the speed recorded it may be appropriate to make a conditional offer and if so, the registered keeper of the vehicle will receive a Notice of Intended Prosecution through the post. Following receipt of this it is a legal requirement that the keeper provide information on who was driving the car at the time that the offence is alleged to have taken place. The conditional offer allows the offender to stop the chance of further action or prosecution by accepting blame and paying a £60 fine. They will also receive 3 penalty points on their licence. If the speed detected was above the set threshold for cases to be automatically referred to court, then a summons will be issued and a conditional offer will not be made.

Why Fixed Penalty Notices?

The idea is that once the motorist admits to the alleged offence they can simply pay the fine and accept the 3 penalty point endorsement on their licence rather than face prosecution.Motorists who have been asked to give up their license for endorsement, should be aware that if the licence is not surrendered as agreed within the 7 day period, then the notice procedure will be stopped and court proceedings will begin - starting with a court summons being issued.

What do I do if I don't Agree with the Charge?

If the motorist disputes the allegations on either legality or the facts surrounding the alleged offence then they are entitled to request a court hearing. There is a period of 28 days when the motorist is allowed to make this request and the 'how to' information can be found on the reverse of the notice when issued.

What Happens if I Don't Pay the Fine?

If the motorist doesn't pay up or ask for a court hearing within the 28 day period, the matter will, in most cases be referred to court. The fine will be increased by 50% and will become an endorseable fine. Other than a statutory declaration, there is no right of appeal once things reach this state and the court will chase you for payment.

Statutory Declaration

When a fine has been registered for an endorseable notice, the motorist is able to go to court and state on oath that:

  • they were not the person that the notice was issued to, or
  • that they lodged a request for a court hearing within the 28 days following the alleged offence
In the case of an non-endorsable notice:

  • that they had no knowledge of the FPN or the Notice to Owner until they received the document for registration of the fine.
  • that they did not own the vehicle at the time the offence was alleged to have taken place, or
  • that they lodged a request for a court hearing within the 28 days following the alleged offence
Should the motorist have any issue with the FPN, then they must follow the instructions on the back of the notice and keep the issuing body informed of what is happening at all times. Pretending it isn’t there won’t make it go away and the longer it is left, the worse the consequences will be.

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We received two NIP's for speeding (47 and 49phh in a 40 zone) that were historic (over a month old) and associated with a French-registered vehicle, owned by a dissolved French company of which my wife and I were the former directors. The car was in the process of being re-registered to UK plates (now completed) but at the time of the offence, had no formal registered owner or keeper. Neither are we sure who the driver was. What's likely to happen when we fill out the form accordingly?
gypseyman - 25-Mar-21 @ 1:43 PM
I was stopped doing 46 in a 30 on the 23/08/20.. first time I’ve been stopped for speeding and was given a FPN £100 & 3pts. Still till this day 22/9/20 I haven’t got anything in the post.. if this turns up late can I appeal it on the grounds of been told I’ll hear something within 28days? Or do I just sit and wait?
Big Al - 22-Sep-20 @ 12:55 AM
I was pulled over doing 92 on a dual carriageway and my details were taken on 9/5/20. I have just recieved a conditional offer on 9/9/20. Does the 4 month gap mean i have a defense or does the fact that I was pulled over instead of being caught by a camera mean the 14 day rule doesnt apply? Thanks
Brett - 10-Sep-20 @ 10:37 AM
I received a FPN in the post, £100 fine and 3pts. I was pulled over by police for driving on a motorway, (I wasn't fully aware it was a motorway - Leeds Inner Ring Road), whilst riding a scooter on a provisional licence. The officer at the time said it was up to the courts to decide on what the punishment would be, said most likely will be 3pts, I co-operated, explained I wasn't 100% sure it was a motorway, also stating I had passed police vehicles on the same road multiple times without issue so thought it was ok, so I was surprised to receive this FPN with the added £100 on top. Do I have any case to argue here? I just feel the charge is a little steep. First time offence in 5 years.
Dave - 6-Jul-20 @ 5:59 PM
I have just recieved 2 Notices of Intention to Prosecute in the same post but different envelopes.. The time, date, incident etc are all identical - 38 miles in a 30 mile per hour speed limit atexactly the same time and date but both have different Reference numbers for the same offence. .I have had a clean licence for over 50 years and am normally a very careful driver and adhere to the speed limit. so my queries are :- 1 How can I see the photographic evidence? I was overtaken at speed by a white car one day where the offence is alleged to have taken place - can mistakes like that happen? If I am guilty obviously I will face the consequence but I would like to see the proof before pleading guilty. 2 Do I send both NIPs back together both completed or send them seperately pleading guilty to one and contesting the other? Hoping for advice many thanks
JJC - 22-Jun-20 @ 7:27 AM
I was caught speeding on a variable limit on the motorway in a company car on the 11th March the lease company sent me the NIP they received and the letter was dated 23 April. Can I refuse this based on the 14 day time limit to send out the NIP which was publicised with David Beckhams case?
Ste - 10-Jun-20 @ 8:22 AM
FPN on car windscreen shows silver Hyundai instead of blue. Correct reg no. Any defence?
Bazza - 18-Feb-20 @ 11:06 PM
HELP PLEASE!! On 12th October i sent my european driving lincence to DVLA to change it in an UK one.. on 19th October a was stoped for a routine filter, i told them about my drivig licence, they checked on DVLA for licence and nothing. After they retain the car and told me to wait for a letter at home. After a month a receive a “conditional offer of fixed penalty” with 100 Pounds fine and 3 points. It’s that allright in case after 3 days(when the police checked me) the licence came in the post.
Ionut - 29-Nov-19 @ 3:25 PM
Hello , I have provisional driving license, I use to ride motorcycles for two years and half I have my first 5 points in my driving license one year a go and now I been stopped by police and the send me fixed Penalty Notice of 100£ and 3 points in my driving license asked me to send my drivers license to them to be totally 8 point in provisions driving license for two years and half,my question if my license is can be canceled and I be disqualified to drive motorcycle or my license been sent to me again and I can drive again???
Ben - 11-Sep-19 @ 6:15 PM
Hello Can anyone help - I received an NIP to respond to on the day I was going on holiday - I thought I left it safely in a drawer for me to respond to 1 week later but cannot find it anywhere - I don't know who to contact as I don't have a record of the details. Many thanks
BUGGIE - 5-Aug-19 @ 8:18 PM
In a pannick I paid a £100 thinking I was paying for the educational course l, just to find out when trying to book the course it has been withdrawn. Now I realise I have paid the conditional offer of fixed penalty. Can i get this changed and who do i contact. Help!!@
Nads - 13-Jul-19 @ 11:33 PM
i was sent a NIP dated 15-01-19 and received on the 28-01-19 for an alleged speeding on the 9-12-18. it states i was doing 37mph in a 30 zone.The Car i was driving was a hire car andi was using the car Limiter and it was set to 30 mph, so i doubt the camera is accurate., and the hire apparently received an NIP on the 13-12-18. i still had the hire car up until the 28-12-18. SHOULDthey informed me that of the NIP they received? also the Speed Camera vehicle was not in the correct siting area, as detailed for that location, and it was parked between 2 other vehicle which made not visible to on coming motor cars. can some one give me some advice.
swk2001 - 8-May-19 @ 3:21 PM
I’ve received a NIP dated 05/04/2019 for 30mph in a 30 on the 26/02/2019. This is well outside the 14 days it seems that it should have been issued in. It was a leased vehicle but I have checked with the lease company and they have no knowledge of it so would seem it came direct to me. Just looking at my options and how to proceed.
Waggers - 9-Apr-19 @ 5:39 PM
I’ve received a NIP dated 05/04/2019 for 36mph in a 30 on the 26/02/2019 so we’ll outside the 14 days. It was a leased vehicle but it would appear the NIP arrived directly to me as the lease company have no knowledge of it. Any advice on where I stand and how to proceed would be appreciated.
Waggers - 9-Apr-19 @ 5:34 PM
68 in 60 coming down slop in lgv van tucked in lay-by what chances two weeks wait starts
Gmac - 20-Feb-19 @ 9:26 AM
URGENT HELP! I have just sent my driving licence off to have another 3points added for a November minimumspeeding offence which will give me total 9 points till Dec 2019. My car insurance is due in 2weeks. As I havent got my licence back yet so Dvla not updated? Do I tell my insurance company about points?? Do I pay quickly now and state accurately that only lint’s on licence?.
CBH - 30-Dec-18 @ 10:43 PM
I paid a fine when caught doing 37 in a 30 zone. as I had done a speed awareness course before the time limit was up I had no option but to pay the £100 fine. I knew I had to aend the form back but have 2 kids under age of 8 a job and a forgetful memory bank lol. any who, had a letter today saying I now am being sent to court and have to plead guilty or not guilty.etc etc up to £1000 fine. does anyone know if I can get this procedure stopped in anyway? say if I drove to a police station handed in my licence and showed proof of payment? I totally get it if it's tough I'll have to pay, but you never know if there's something I can do?
Rhi-Rhi - 30-Dec-18 @ 2:08 AM
FPN for doing 35 in a 30. Is it a legal requirement that I have to sign the form and will it stop the prosecution if unsigned
Robin - 24-Nov-18 @ 2:56 PM
Doing 84 on the M25.. gantry camera double flashed ... now the 2 week wait begins .. what are the chances?
Kpal - 12-Nov-18 @ 8:22 AM
I received an fixed penalty or offered an educational driving course for speeding in an 20 Miles an hour zone. The cameras states I was doing 25 miles an hour. I want to dispute this as i was aware that i was not speeding at the time. Another car over took me on the inside line and turned off.
Zebbiena - 7-Oct-18 @ 5:51 PM
I received today Notice of Intended Prosecution. I sold this car to a dealer as it was part exchanged towards a car I purchased from them. I have a sales invoice to confirm this.I believe the car was sold at auction by the dealer, so I do not know who owns the car or who was driving the car after the date I sold it.I have been waiting for over a month now for the log book, I go back in two weeks time for the MOT which was agreed and service.They cant seem to tell me exact date it was sent off.I have already had to contact DVLA abut the tax on the car and explain the same to them and they confirmed they have not received anything.I go online to find that the car has not been taxed or mot.I don't need the stress and upset of this and wonder how many more problems I will have over this.
KB - 25-Jul-18 @ 6:48 PM
I have received conditional offer of fixed penalty against an alleged offence of 'Motor Vehicle Fail to comply with endorsable section 36 Traffic Sign- automatic equipment (white hartlane level crossing, Barnes) Please advise if I should accept the fixed penalty of £100 and 3 points? If you do I decide to reject it and go to court for an appeal please tell me: - What's the legal cost - If my appeal is rejected, will this show as a criminal record on my DBS check ? - If my appeal is rejected, will i be given more severe penalty and higher fine by the judge? - Can I not request the British Police or the court to offer me an awareness course for level crossing as this is my first time ? Your comments will be highly appreciated Regards
Wb - 16-Jul-18 @ 10:12 PM
I was stopped by the police and told by number plate was faded and would be getting a £40 fine through the post.My number plate was faded, but it could clearly been seen from quite a distance.The car has passed an MOT last month.I have taken the plates back to the shop as they were only 18 months old.Do you think I could appeal?
D.e.w - 13-Jul-18 @ 5:58 PM
Pete - Your Question:
I received a fixed penalty letter for driving without insurance but I had my insurance renewed couple of months ago. When I check my car is still insured. What should I do

Our Response:
Contact the police with proof that you were insured at the time? Check that your insurer has up to details/is using the central insurance database correctly.
NoPenaltyPoints - 29-Jun-18 @ 3:14 PM
I received a fixed penalty letter for driving without insurance but I had my insurance renewed couple of months ago. When I check my car is still insured. What should I do
Pete - 28-Jun-18 @ 1:11 PM
Hi, I have received a NIP due to speeding 44mph in a 30 mph limit. I live in North Wales, what fine could l get regards the new rules? Thanks.
Evo - 7-Jun-18 @ 11:06 PM
Think I got caught doing 90ish in 70 on motorway, what can i expect? also only been driving 1 year 10 months
Jb - 6-Jun-18 @ 10:18 PM
Modge - Your Question:
I recieved a fixed penalty notice at the roadside after being pulled for speeding (40 in a 30 limit) on my motorbike. This was 8 days ago, I went to the court office to pay the fine and get my points and the clerk couldnt find it on the system thus it couldnt be processed. I know I have 28 days to pay this but what sort of time frame do the police have to put this into the system and if they dont bother and I cant pay it what does this then mean?

Our Response:
Ask the clerk to give you written confirmation that you were unable to pay the fine because of their systems. It's unlikely you would be penalised in this instance.
NoPenaltyPoints - 1-Jun-18 @ 3:45 PM
I recieved a fixed penalty notice at the roadside after being pulled for speeding (40 in a 30 limit) on my motorbike.This was 8 days ago, I went to the court office to pay the fine and get my points and the clerk couldnt find it on the system thus it couldnt be processed.I know I have 28 days to pay this but what sort of time frame do the police have to put this into the system and if they dont bother and I cant pay it what does this then mean?
Modge - 31-May-18 @ 2:01 PM
Mitch - Your Question:
What can I expect for doing 43 in a 30?

Our Response:
This speed would probably not give you the chance of a speed awareness course, but is too low to warrant a court summons. The most likely penalty will be £100 plus 3 penalty points.
NoPenaltyPoints - 14-May-18 @ 11:42 AM
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